Child Development

Child development is how children are able to do more complex things as they get older.  As a child develops, she will learn skills like talking, skipping, and tying shoes.  She will also learn to manage her emotions and build relationships with others.

Children Develop skills in 4 main areas: 


A child's ability to learn, solve problems, reason and remember.

  • A baby will explore the environment with his hands or eyes

  • A young child does simple math problems

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Cognitive (Learning and Thinking)
Image by Marvin Lewis
Speech and Language

A child's ability to both understand and use language. It also includes using body language and gestures to communicate.

  • A baby will say first words

  • A young child  will say "feet" instead of "foots"

Mother and Baby

A child's ability to form relationships. It includes helping themselves and managing their emotions.

  • A  baby smiles and waves bye-bye

  • A young child knows how to take turns in a game

Social and Emotional
Physical and Movement 
  • Fine Motor Skills

A child's ability to use small muscles, specifically their hands and fingers.

A baby will use a pincer grasp to pick up a Cheerio

  • Gross Motor Skills

A child's ability to use large muscles to sit, stand, walk or run.  It includes keeping balance and changing positions.

A  baby will sit up with some support
A young child will skip


Image by Ben White

ASQ Screening

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Support your child’s social-emotional health by praising your child and being nurturing and calm. 

For more ideas, read Tips for Families.

Milestones help you understand what to expect for your child and when to be concerned.