Social and emotional development is an important part of children’s overall development. It helps children make friends, cope with frustration, manage transitions, and follow rules. Social and emotional development is also called early childhood mental health. It is the ability of babies and children to
Develop close and secure relationships
Explore the environment and learn
Experience, manage and express emotions
Children develop social and emotional skills in small steps over time. Children are best able to learn these skills when they feel safe and secure with the adults in their lives (parents, relatives and teachers) and their environments (homes, schools and neighborhoods).
What Parents Can Do
Learn how to best support the needs of your children
Babies: 0-1 year
Babies (0-1 year) need responsive and affectionate care. You can help your baby feel safe and secure by responding to his needs. You can make regular routines, like a morning walk.
Toddlers: 1-3 years
Young toddlers (1– 3 years) are beginning to develop a sense of self-awareness. They are learning that they are different and independent from others. You can praise them for their efforts to build self-esteem. You can get involved in your children’s play and follow their lead.
Preschoolers: 3-5 years
Preschoolers (3 – 5 years) are learning how to express and manage their emotions. You can help your child solve problems in healthy ways. You can explain your reasons for limits or rules - “You may not hit. Hitting hurts.”
500 Terry Francois Street, San Francisco, CA 94158